The Luxor Temple, positioned in the heart of ancient Thebes, was built mainly during the XVIII and XIX Egyptian dynasties. It was dedicated to the god Amon under his two representations of Amun-Ra. The oldest parts date back to the currently visible Amenhotep III and Ramses II building. Then, new elements were added by Shabako, Nectanebo I and the Ptolemaic dynasty. In Roman times, the temple was partially transformed into a military camp. This building, one of the best preserved of the Egyptian New Kingdom time, still has many structures. Besides the great pylon, visitors can also go through two monumental colonnades and linking these the two patios. The sanctuary itself, which was residence of Amun of Opet, are similar to the rooms that retain much of their tiles. It is a really magical place, especially at night when you should not miss the Sound and Light show.
Hatshepsut's temple is nestled within a monumental complex called Deir el-Bahari (the northern monastery). It derives from an ancient Coptic community ve had settled in the temple saving it from complete destruction. The temple has two huge terraces that precede the third, where the temple stands. On the terrace walls, there are scenes from Hatshepsut's life. In the northeastern corner, there is a temple of Anubis, and in the southwestern, there is a shrine dedicated to the goddess Hathor. As a female, Queen Hatshepsut could not be buried in the Valley of the Kings, so she had her tomb constructed here, which pierced the mountain so she could be closer to the Valley of the Kings.
This was the first attempt at a pyramid in Egypt, it's the oldest of all of the Egyptian pyramids and was built in honor of Pharaoh Zoser. It was raised using natural stone without any treatments to the marble, such as the pyramids of Giza, 30 kilometers in the west of Cairo. From this necropolis and with some good binoculars you can see the Dashur pyramids complex.
Medinat Habu Temple is a magnificent monument located west of Luxor. In this temple, there are bas-reliefs of a depth that won't leave you indifferent. You can visit this wonder on a Nile river cruise or a trip to Egypt. I definitely recommend this visit.
Within the Valley of the Kings, the most interesting thing is Tutankhamun's tomb. Although it is now empty ,because everything is now in the Cairo Museum, it is the only ancient tomb that was discovered without being sacked throughout history. This was historically significant because he died very young, and has become the most famous of all. THE tomb was found by Carter in 1922 following an obsession that led him to live and not just leave right next to get it.
After an tiring night march to climb Mount Sinai and to see the amazing sunrise from the top, we began a long and beautiful descent between tourists, Bedouins, and camels to get to the famous monastery of Santa Catalina, an oasis of greenery, culture and peace in the midst of the Sinai desert.
Well, never was this obelisk torn from the rock, it was just broken in a few different places. If it had been completed it would have reached a height of 42 meters and a weight of 1150 tons. Aswan was famous in ancient Egypt because it had a lot of rich reddish granite quarries that was widely used for building obelisks, temples, colossi, etc. .. It was so abundant that in Roman times the quarries were still in full swing.
The three small pyramids that you find on the giant pyramid of Kheops are three queens of Egypt. The first is the Queen Heteferas, who was the wife of Sneferu and mother of Khufu. The texts refer to her as "the daughter of God" and the "mother of the king". The fourth grave was found by chance in 1925. A gap of 27 meters of deep rock had blocked the main pyramid. The room held small personal items, silver jewelry, chairs etc, belonging to the queen. Now you can go down the pyramid, it is a strange feeling and very hot inside!
These are the two great unknown pyramid, not so popular with tourists as the more famous ones in Monument Valley. The diamond pyramid of Dahshur, along with the red pyramid, were the first Egyptian pyramids built with completely smooth faces. You'll find them both in Dahshur. We hired a private guide to take us, as these pyramids are not on any official tourist route, and until recently they were in a military zone. We found them breathtaking. The first has a curious fault, as the angle of one of its sides is smaller than the others. Apparently, they began to build it too small for the intended height, and had to change the angles of the inclination, because they feared the structure wouldn't be able to hold the weight. For me, it is really the most beautiful pyramid in Egypt.
The smallest of the three pyramids of Egypt is the farthest of all of them. And it's a bit darker. But of course, it's still huge, and you can see the other two pyramids, with the usual background of the city of Cairo in the distance.
The so-called Pompey's column is named after what was believed to be buried here in Pompey. It's made of red granite Aswan quarries and is 30 meters high and 9 in circumference. This column is in an archaeological park where they are still continuing to work.
A mastaba is a type of Egyptian ancient tomb that has a rectangular shape at the level of its structure, and is covered by a flat roof, which then falls on each side, like a tent. It was a mark of respect for officials and nobles of Egypt. The mastabas were built of brick and earth, or stone. There are many around the pyramids of Giza. In fact, a pyramid is nothing more than the evolution of the mastaba, which affirms the power and wealth of the pharaoh. When the pharaohs began building pyramids, the officers remained buried in mastabas.
The word Khepra, meaning beetle, was one of the most powerful symbols in ancient Egypt. This was regarded as a symbol of perfection, as it is both male and female: you don't need a pair to breed. Khepra symbolises God, and was said to push the sun as easily as if it were a giant ball of dung. The beetle is associated with the idea of resurrection, and can often be seen on pieces of jewelry found in Egyptian tombs, symbolising a long and happy life.