I arrived in Bologna with a reservation I'd made at a youth hostel on the outskirts of the city. By the way, I really liked the service there. In the morning, I went to town to settle an outstanding debt of 6 euros I had with the Italian highways authority! The town is fortified, and I noticed that the entrance has a device to control vehicles who want to enter. I couldn't pay my fine as the offices were closed for a local holiday. The city had a great buzz about it: lots of people, a student atmosphere, buses everywhere, scooters and motorbikes ... a well-preserved, medieval old town with the wide Piazza Maggiore and two famous towers. I really liked the city, although I was only there for a short time.
In the heart of Bologna, in the Piazza Maggiore, is one of the most iconic symbols of the city - Neptune's Fountain. The Bolognese affectionately refer to him as "il Gigante" because of his size. The fountain was completed in 1565. Legend has it that before a big exam any student who wants to have luck on his side must spin twice clockwise around the fountain, just like John of Bologna did around the Neptune's projecting pedestal, thus initiating his fortune and his atonement for the "defeat Florentine".
Little more can be said than the historical data cited by the Anadel, so I'll just talk about my personal experience. Few buildings that I have seen are so simple and so wonderful inside. It's an explosion of colour provoked by mosaic masterpieces full of sensitivity. It's the monument I liked Ravenna. This deserved monument was built for the rest of a woman with the most exciting biography imaginable: Gala Placidia, Queen of the barbarians and the Roman Empress.
This is one of the oldest architectural gems in the city. The Abbazia di Santo Stefano is a set of four preserved medieval churches, the remains of a total of seven. All are located under one roof. The Crucifix Church (XI century), San Sepolcro, Santi Vitale e Agricola (V century) and Santa Trinita are the names of the four churches that house important works of art from different centuries. On the inside there is a small shop with handmade products made by the monks of the order.
Dante was not a native of Ravenna. He was exiled here and wrote many works here, including the famous "Divine Comedy". He was exiled from Florence for political reasons, so he settled in Ravenna, just east of Florence, near the Adriatic coast, where he died. It is a unique monument from the artistic point of view and a moving tribute from the nation to one of its greatest poets and artists. The tomb is open to the public. Admission is free. In the tomb, there is a plaque indicating that it is Dante's grave and a flame that burns continuously. The oil paid for by the Municipality of Florence. It's a way of apologizing for what they did to the poet.
What is amazing about this monument is its octagonal shape. This was the first and only octagonal monument I have ever seen in my entire life. The Baptistery was constructed in the 12th century (next to the Cathedral). It was made completely of white marble and pink in the region. The inside is beautiful, with great frescoes and mosaics that adorn some walls. Its dome is incredible, with 15 stories from the Bible. The sculptures inside are also amazing. The building is of Romanesque and Gothic art.
Seracchioli House is one of the oldest buildings in the city of Bologna, dating from the thirteenth century. It has been restored over time, but it retains the original door and arched windows. The ground floor of the facade is modern brick, but inspired by the style of medieval Bologna, especially the windows.
La Porta Galliera can be found in the north of the historic center of Bologna at the end of Independence Street. It is close to the railway station. First built in 1200, it protected the Papal fortress until the people of Bologna rebelled against church authorities and destroyed it. The door was also demolished and rebuilt several times. It was rebuilt with the characteristics seen today between 1660 and 1663 and restored in 2007.
Via Garibaldi is one of the most pleasant walks in the beautiful city of Parma. The Teatro Regio is notable for having some of the best acoustics in the world. It was built between 1821 and 1829 by order of Empress Maria Luisa and was later opened by Zaira Belllini.
This place is one of the most visited in the city and a unique example of 15th-century architecture of a manor house. It was constructed by the banker Romei and his wife, ve became part of the adjacent monastery of Corpus Domini after he died. The outdoor patio is very nice with a double loggia and a monogram of Christ on the wall. There are medieval and Renaissance elements fused together. In the rooms you will find original frescoes, and a beautiful fireplace and many things of great interest.
Powerful but sober, the Ponte of Tiberius, with five arches, crosses the River Marecchia at Rimini. It was started by Augustus in the year 14 AD, but was completed by Tiberius in 21 AD. The bridge leads to the Via Emilia and Via Annia. During the Second World War, it was attacked but not destroyed, and today is part of the city's major thoroughfares, with a spacious bike lane. Particularly beautiful at night.
It was an incredible and fascinating discovery to arrive at night, in the bitter cold to the Neptune square. Palaces everywhere and the impressive Church of San Petronio, lit by the icy mist, seating the nearby square, took my breath away. In the main square of Bologna is one of the most important Gothic churches in the world, it is the Basilica of San Petronio, whose central portal is adorned with Renaissance sculptures. Antonio di Vincezo began its construction in 1390. Bologna has a well-preserved old town, one of the largest in Italy, due to the successful restoration and conservation policy which began in the sixties, which I highly recommend visiting.