The famous sphinx is found right next to the pyramids, just a little further down. It's located in what used to be the Temple of Chephren and was therefore joined to the pyramid of the Pharaoh, which can be seen in the background in a straight line if you are looking directly at the nose-less, of course, Sphinx. Theories about the disappearance of its nose range from blaming the Napoleonic troops' target practice to the accusation that the temple was buried by sand and the nose lost its way.
The Colossus of Ramses II is the most amazing historical monument in Memphis, the ancient capital of Egypt. The huge statue is in great condition, except for the feet which have been lost over time. Ramses II was one of the most famous pharaohs for his work as a warrior and builder, and he appears in a handful of temples across Egypt.