Belém Tower, was built between 1515 and 1519 and is the work of Francisco de Arruda. In 1983 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The tower is located at the mouth of the River Tagus and initially was used to protect the city before it later became a customs center and lighthouse. It is located very close to the Jeronimos Monastery and the Discoveries Monument. When visitors enter the tower on the ground floor there are 16 windows with cannons used for defence and visitors can also visit the pits and holes where the prisoners used to be kept. Inside the tower there are five floors and a terrace. The floors are connected only by a small spiral staircase which, on busy days, means that people have to take turns going up and down which can sometimes be overwhelming. The names of the different floors, from bottom to top are Governor's Hall, Kings Hall, Hearing Room, Chapel and Terrace. At the front on the west side of the Tower of Belém there is a strange rhinoceros gargoyle. The first rhino arrived in Portugal from India in 1513. The Torre de Belém is the main icon of Lisbon and Portugal and therefore deserves a visit, and the views of the Tagus River are fantastic.
This place is regarded by many as the most beautiful place in the world. Unfortunately our visit coincided with sewage flowing into the Tagus, but nevertheless we could fail to appreciate the magnitude of this enclave The beauty of the Arc de Triomphe which gives access to the Rua Augusta and portico of its three sides: North, East and West.
Line 28 of Lisbon´s tram system is, perhaps, if not for sure, the most charming of the city. Walking the steep streets of the capital is an ideal route for tourists because apart from passing many monuments (Castelo San Jorge, B º Alfama, Sé, Mirador de St. Lucía ...), it is very cheap (only 1, € 40) compared to tourist trams that were primarily developed for the same trip (it sells for around 12 to 13 € / day). The tram stops are endless, often stopping to spend every 15-20 minutes as traffic jams in this are frequent due to its narrow lanes (it seems impossible for two trams to cross each other) and truly chaotic traffic ( more so than Madrid ...). You should get on the tram stations from the beginning because as more stops pass, more people get on and it is impossible to get a seat. Once you get on, hang tight and enjoy the ride.
The April 25 Bridge stands right on the River Tagus, in the metropolitan area of Lisbon, Portugal. Officially name at the time as Salazar Bridge, it was built by Salazar in 1960, and was designated its current name after the Revolution of April 25, 1974, which restored democracy in all of Portugal. It has an imposing aspect, with a steel construction that extends almost 2 kilometers. The bottom was recently renovated to house train tracks and such. You can also cross the river by boat and on the other side stands the statue of Christ the King.
St. George´s Castle is located on the highest hill in Lisbon, Portugal. Inside, one can be transported to long-ago and medieval times while enjoying the excellent preservation of this important Portuguese monument. Also, we had the pleasure of hearing a fantastic concert performed by a guitarist ve played spontaneous works by Granados and some other Spanish composers. We also saw a panorama of the city through a periscope located in the highest tower of the castle.
More commonly known as the Santa Justa Elevator, it was so named because Santa Justa Street joins with the Plaza do Carmo. The Elevator was designed by Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard and although his aesthetic resembles that of the Eiffel Tower, no relationship was proven with the engineer of the famous Parisian monument, Gustave Eiffel. Its construction began in the year 1900 and ended in 1902. It has two elevators with wood paneling inside and with a capacity of 20 people each. At first it was a means of transport to the Chiado area but today it has been turned into a tourist attraction. From the top there are great views of the Baixa and the area of the castle.
The Monasterio de los Jerónimos de Santa María de Belém is a Gothic Manueline marvel. The highlight is its three leveled inner cloister. Without doubt, it is the most beautiful cloister that I have ever seen in my life. It's great to get on the top floor and see how the view changes depending on the height. There is also a small gazebo a little higher up which is accessed from the cloister's top floor - it has stunning views. The cloister is the work of Joao de Castlho from 1544. The same artist also has beautiful reliefs in the south porch. Inside, the nave is huge. In Santa Maria church, the vault is supported by startlingly thin octagonal columns. It is essential to visit King Sebastiao's tomb, which has the peculiarity of being empty (the monarch never returned from the battle in which he died in the late sixteenth century) and Vasco de Gama adorned it with a carving of descrubridor. To round off the day, is there anything better than visiting a neighboring bakery to try a famous pasteis de Belém? I honestly don't think so.
It is located in the Belem district and was opened in 1960 on the fifth centenary of the death of Prince Henrique, who was the biggest supporter of trips that led to the Portuguese Empire. It is more than fifty meters high. The monument resembles a ship with the Portuguese shield at the sides. D. Henry who was the navigator, is represented in the bow, holding a caravel in hands. On both sides of the monument the national heroes of the Portuguese Age of Discovery are remembered. A Sister is displayed on the sixth floor, and a staircase leading up to the top where we see a great panoramic view of Belem. The basement is often used for temporary exhibitions.
"Take the number 28 tram and stroll through Alfama ...", a friend and fellow traveler told me before I left for Lisbon. The truth is I didn't take it because it seemed like more of a touristy route (at 3 euros each, by the way) than something really authentic. I put on comfortable shoes (everyone insisted on the importance of "comfortable shoes" in Lisbon ... exaggerated) and I went up, got out and walked the streets of the Alfama district. It was a marvel. A gem, as the entire city of winding streets, stairs, patios, hanging clothes, beautiful tiles, Portuguese ladies from the neighborhood and hidden bars with coffee for € 0.50. To lose yourself with nothing more.
The Lisbon Oceanarium is in the Parque das Nações, on the banks of the river Tagus in a new and completely renovated zone which was an ancient spring. There are four natural habitats recreated here representing the oceans and all lead to the centre tank. The visit is full of surprises as rooms dedicated to water and their movements showing how they make waves with videos and photographs, ponds with ocean babies Ocean (little creatures) and there are many activities for kids. In summer there are camps and the kids can go to sleep in the Oceanarium next to the central pond and get sleepy with sharks, fish, penguins, etc. It is a must for adults and children where you can see how much life there is in the sea and where can you educate how to respect it.
Praças Rossio are found in most cities of Portugal, such as Lisbon, Oporto, in this case it is also found in Viseu (formerly under the name of Praça do Comercio). It's the heart of the city with a great fountain and back up some stairs the imposing Iglesia dos Terceiros de S. Francisco surrounded by a large grove. Praça do Rossio is considered the economic and social center of the city and has its origins in the sixteenth century and as expected has changed much over time. Currently while the fountain roundabout acts asa small garden there are some other smaller fountains and cafes with terraces to relax after visiting the churches, with large typical blue tiles, made of Gaia, creating a festive atmosphere and entertainment.
The eastern boundary of the city, along the river Tagus, was chosen to build pavilions to celebrate Expo 98. It is located in the modern part of the city, near the spectacular Vasco de Gamma bridge. You can visit the Oceanarium, one of the largest aquariums in Europe.
The Bairro Alto in Lisbon, without being as old as the Alfama, is the most pure and picturesque place in the city. It's between downtown Lisbon and the front of the Alfama. It's a neighborhood with a lot of activity, (especially after dark) that you should see on foot, see its shops and breathe its essence. You should definitely see the famous Convento do Carmo neighborhood even though this is not a technological place. It's a residential and commercial area where you find the coolest fashion stores as well as the more "in" bars and restaurants in Lisbon. What's hot right now is there. To find something similar to Barrio Alto in Madrid, the equivalent would be La Latina with regard to the nightlife and Chueca in respect to the trendy restaurants and stores that are there.
Lisbon Cathedral, commonly called Sé de Lisboa, is the oldest and most important church in the city. It was built in the twelfth century in the Romanesque style. Its full name is Santa Maria Maior. During its history the cathedral has been renovated several times as it has suffered several natural disasters. The great earthquake of 1755 destroyed several parts of the church.
In the heart of Lisbon are the Carmo Ruins with a museum as well as the archaeological restorations. It's religious architecture, a convent that suffered the ravages of an earthquake and a flood that changed the city. The result was that this Gothic church was under the open sky. The approximate cost of the entrance is 3.00 €, but in Lisbon museums are free on Sundays.
From this viewpoint there is a very good overview of the Alfama district and the Tagus River. The views are great, in fact there is usually painters in the area to leave the landscape immortalized. On the south side of the church we have a tiled wall, one representing the appearance of the Square Trade before the earthquake and another tells how the attack happened at Castillo de San Jorge.
Chiado is the highest part of the city of Lisbon, Portugal, near the high neighborhood. ¨Bairro Alto¨ was a popular neighborhood, filled with workers and very poor people, but is now richer while still being bohemian, full of artists and writers. Chiado is an elegant place with theaters, bookstores, cafes and lots of old international luxury stores. It is one of the most coveted areas of the city. The main streets of Uptown are the ¨Rua do Norte¨, the ¨Atalaia Rua¨ and ¨Rua do Diário¨ . In Chiado there is a restaurant that opened in 1784, and is called the Tavares Rico. It serves customers with fine antique porcelain. A large portion of the neighborhood was destroyed by a great fire in 1988, but it was later rebuilt and restored and is now very nice. As it was a major intellectual center, look to see a few statues of famous people such as Fernando Pessoa, Luis de Camoes, De Queiroz and more. Now you can also find designer shops and trendy clothing creators, who live near the old churches and of quiet squares.
The Rua Augusta is the main street in Lisbon's Baixa district. It connects the square with Trade Rossio. Next to Commerce Square rises this Arc. It was designed by Santos de Carvalho and built in 1873 to celebrate the rebuilding of the city after the great earthquake of 1755. Its statues represent, among others, Vasco de Gama and the Marquis of Pombal.
Of all the things to see in Lisbon, the most famous and mythical is the Palacio de Pena. Although it's actually about 30 km from the capital, everyone who visits the city should see this beautiful UNESCO Heritage Site. Other top places to visit in Lisbon include the Belém Tower, possibly the most iconic of all the attractions in Lisbon. In addition to being beautiful on the outside, the inside is equally spectacular and can be visited throughout the week. Other things to do in Lisbon include a tour of the Alfama district, a historic area of the city with narrow streets, hanging clothes, tiles, patios and coffee shops where you can enjoy a drink for under a euro. To get a bird's-eye-view of Lisbon, there's nothing like riding the Elevator of Santa Justa. In addition to being an interesting construction designed by a disciple of Eiffel (which is why it's so similar to the Eiffel Tower), it's an ideal place for a panoramic of the city. Other great stuff to do in Lisbon are the Jerónimos Monastery, the Castle of San Jorge, the Monument to the Discovery of the New World, or the 25 of April Brige. As you can see, there's no shortage of great Lisbon activities and Lisbon attractions. To get the low down on what to do in Lisbon, have a look on minube and discover tips and recommendations from thousands of real travelers who've been there before.