The city of Sibiu is situated in the heart of the European cultural capital Romania. It was the capital when Romania joined the European Union. The most typical are roofs with windows that look like eyes, I loved them. It has a very interesting history, one I recommend you search for because it is worth it.
It is very nice, I was eating at a restaurant in June of the year 2007 and loved it. You could see some acting and darma as it was Europe's cultural capital at the time, and that surprised me, it seems more a German city that Romanian named Hammerstad German or something, and it seemed that at any alley you would see a chariot pulled by horses. I later went up to the evangelical church tower, what a climb.
The Evangelical Cathedral of St. Mary of Sibiu is behind the Piata Mica, Sibiu in the tiny square. You see from far away how high the bell tower is, over 74 meters, and it stands as a symbol of the city. The church was constructed in the year 1520 in the place of a former 12th century Romanesque basilica. What we see now is the 19th century renovation. The interior of the church is Gothic, with arches and a stone funeral that is interesting. The rest of the interior is contemporary, but the interesting thing is that you can climb to the bell tower to see the medieval city. The tower has 7 lower turrets, and is the highest in all of Transylvania. The city of Sibiu was fortified with the church in the middle, showing its economic power and strength in front of invaders.
The Turnul Sfatului, or Council Tower, is an emblem of the city of Sibiu, perhaps its most famous monument. The tower was built in the thirteenth century, and was first mentioned in a written document in 1370. Its name relates to the building next door, which was the first city council. The tower was built for defensive purposes, and was integrated into the second city wall. It fell in the late sixteenth century, but was rebuilt. The top level was added in 1829. Over the centuries, it was used to store grain, and also as a jail. Today you can climb a small ladder to admire beautiful views of the medieval city centre.
The Corso is the main shopping street of Sibiu. You go out of the west side of the city to get to the main square, Piata Mare. In the eighteenth and nineteenth century, every good family had to have its main house on the Corso. Evenings and weekends are to walk, to see and be seen, in peoples best clothes and makeup. Now the streets are still lively and the old houses have been renovated and painted in cheerful colors, and the lower floors are for the most prestigious stores in the city. You will find few places to eat on the Corsican, although the are shops to buy pieces of pizza and beverages. Prices are lower than in Spain, apart from the luxury shops and cosmetics for example, that are not worth it. Interesting place to visit and enjoy the area and the shops.
The Jesuit church of Sibiu is situated in the main square, Piata Mare. It is a very large building with a bell tower that dominates the square. There are two bell towers, both painted yellow. The one tower was a public tower where grain was stored and meetings were held. The church dates from the time when the Jesuits came to Sibiu and was built on the north side of the square. In the Middle Ages it housed the entire Sibiu Jesuit community. Except for times of mass, the beautiful church can be visited any time during the day. Like the altar piece some of the paintings are of great value.
The Gallery is installed in the ground floor of the house Artelor. The house is named home of Arts, and in these four or five rooms you can see samples of all the crafts of the region. Each craftsman comes with their objects, and the prices are indicated in every little thing, depending on its size and complexity. The price can not be negotiated, the house regulates this to avoid abuse and the craftsman receives a fair wage for their work. There are works painted in clay, ranging from small to large dishes and ashtrays and fruit bowls. They are decorated with simple and cheerful colors. Then others use glass to make small animals and art vessels. There is a section of frame for photos of people and landmarks of the region. A place with a lot of variety of things.
In the main square of Sibiu, Piata Mare, you will find some holes in the ground covered by a small, metal stopper, with a window to look through them. These are ancient grain silos. In medieval times, Sibiu was a fortified Saxon town. They spoke German, and the population had come from Germany to farm this great prairie. After harvest, grain was kept under the city; if the city was invaded, the residents would still have these hidden stores to keep them alive.
The Natural History Museum of Sibiu is located at the height of the medieval city wall. It is part of a collection of museums, founded by the governor of Austria, a lover of art and culture, in the nineteenth century. The museum is open Tuesday to Sunday from 10 to 6, closed on Monday and the first Tuesday of each month. In winter it is closed on all Tuesdays. It was opened to the public in the mid-nineteenth century, thanks to the Society of Natural Sciences of Transylvania. Now, you have over a million objects, which are organised by theme. It is great for children, though there is little translated into English. There are reptiles, mammals, plants, birds ...
Old Sibiu, built in the Middle Ages by the Saxons ve came from Germany, is probably the city's biggest attraction. It is very beautiful and harmonious. The majority of the old downtown buildings were built by German businessmen ve were very rich and enjoyed many privileges granted to them by the king. As they were accepted to be installed in Sibiu and defend this territory, the king basically did not charge them any taxes, something which lasted for centuries! Sibiu Old houses reflected such wealth. Among the important buildings is the Council Tower, a triangular house built in the 14th century, the Dominican monastery built in 1474 which became the monastery of the Ursulines in 1728. What I liked in the old Sibiu was that since the city was European Capital of Culture 2007, they have put up explanations about the monuments everywhere, their importance in the history of the city, maps to orientate yourself better and arrows so you don't get lost at all.
La Strada Avram Iancu street is a part of society that lived in the upper part of Sibiu: There were the houses of Saxon businessmen who put their goods in the courtyards, which is charming to see. They push the heavy wooden door of the houses that seem at first glance austere, and take you to another world, poetic and calm, made with old cars that are rusty, tiny gardens, balconies, clothes drying .. In general, people let you in without any problem, these homes are no longer those of a family for a long time, separated into small apartments, but residents are still living in a semi community around the central courtyard from the Piata mara. At the bottom of the garden isa brick wall that is a remnant of the old defensive wall of the city. At number 16 is the triangular facade called Bobel house, which is from the 15th century.
We went to Sibiu Market on the first day to have breakfast. It was around 9 am, but the men were already in the bar with beer in hand, eating greasy foods like sausage and chips, we stood out like a sore thumb with our breakfasts! The market has the best seasonal fruits, cherries, strawberries, bays, peaches, which all helped to make us a delicious lunch. The price of fruit is ridiculous compared to Spain, you can get a kilo of cherries for one euro, as for raspberries that are already washed and ready to eat. The meat is great too. I do not recommend the fish, as we are too far from the sea. But it's a good place early in the morning to observe the village life.
The Artelor House in Piata Mica is the former home of the guild of butchers. This house is first mentioned in records from 1370. The southern facade was built later, in 1789. Today it houses a gallery of art, paintings, crafts, and the ethnographic museum. Beside the house is a map that points out other points of interest in the beautiful square.
The ASTRA Museum is actually a group of museums in Sibiu. They include the Transylvanian Culture Museum, the Museum of Folk Tradition, the Museum of Ethnography and the Saxon Museum. It's at a crossroads, ethnographically speaking, between the Romanian population and the Saxon population, ve arrived in the Middle Ages. The Romanians created their capital not far away, and the state of Valachia. The cultural ASTRA association began building these museums in 1897 to preserve the area's rich heritage. For example, in Bucharest, there is also a "village museum" in Herăstrău Park, which represents the habitat of many of Romania's regions. In Sibiu, there is a museum of the Dumbrava Forest, 3 kilometres to the south, and the house of Hermes Piata Mica, which hosts International Ethnography Museum.
Sibiu is located in central Romania, and is a city with history, and was founded in the Middle Ages by the Saxon village. They came from Germany to cultivate the land and defend the area of the king of Hungary, in exchange for privileges and no tax. Around the city, constructed in the 13th century was a wall to protect themselves. You can see inside part of the square and the square Mare Mica, the tiny and the large square, and the rest of the street which is narrow. The houses were connected to each other to be stronger in case there was an attack. The walls are not fully preserved, most were destroyed. But there is this piece in the southern part of the historic event that has been renovated, along with 2 watchtowers. They are the only ones left in the city.
The Greek-Catholic church St. Ursula is in the old historic center of Sibiu, situated a few steps from the main square, when you go down to the train station. First there was a monastery here in the middle ages. In the year 1543, the church became Lutheran. It was only in the 18th century when a Catholic church was installed with the order of the Ursulines. It is a baroque-style church, but with Gothic elements, and highlights the main door as well as the statues inside. What surprised me is the fervor of the people ve lived here when at any time of day people left and entered while theirs was almost always empty. The church is dedicated to Saint Ursula.
This is the square of gold artisans. In medieval times in Sibiu, each group of artisans was concentrated in a different square; shoppers could go and compare all the different shops before buying. The place still has a few late Gothic style houses, alongside more recent buildings. Don't hesitate to push on the doors; these houses have been transformed into little communities, with several families living in small apartments around a central courtyard.
Casa Hermes is one of the most distinct houses of the medieval center of Sibiu. It is situated on the square, behind the Piata Mica, the pita Huet and the city's Cathedral. The first fortifications of the city were built here. The Hermes house serves as an ethnographic museum with exhibits of the city. The Hermes house was built in the thirteenth century. The facade looks like a small castle and is very distinctive. It was restored in 1997 and also has beautiful roomss with stone arches. The rooms on the ground floor and first floor have wooden ceilings and decorative elements from the eighteenth century.