The Archeological Remains of Medina Azahara
When you go to Córdoba, besides visiting the city, you must visit the archeological remains of Medina Azahara, one of the great works of Islamic art in Andalucía.
Medina Azahara was a magnificent palatine city built by the orders of the first caliph of Córdoba, Abderraman III, to give a powerful image of the recently created Independent Caliphate of Cordoba.
10,000 men worked in its construction using the best materials: precious metals, marble, polychrome stones, etc.
Medinat-al-Zahra was organized in three big terraces surrounded by a wall. In the upper part was the royal palace, with the rooms of the caliph and his family; the middle one was the bureaucratic and administrative area, with the halls and gardens; the lower one was destined for the houses of the people, as well as for the souk and mosque.