This site is a very important place for the people of Lithuania, especially during the period of the Soviet occupation, since it was a forbidden place and was destroyed. Apparently, in this place rested the crosses of the fallen, and the Russians took them away. The Lithuanians risked their lives by putting them back in the evening in order to honor their dead.
This was not long ago, perhaps about 1991. On the hill there are millions of crosses, and besides the foreign visitors that come to visit, 90% of Lithuania's population is Catholic. A few years ago it was visited by Pope John Paul.
Cathedral Square is the historic heart of Vilnius. It's here, at the confluence of the rivers Neris and Vilnia, where the city was formed. Cathedral Square was also where the military and government were based for centuries. The most notable building is obviously the Vilnius Cathedral, but there are also several castles built to defend the land. Tiles of pink granite mark out where the city walls once stood and there's a statue honoring the founder of the city.
It is located on the other side of the river. It is a neighborhood full of history and a visit is recommended at night. This is an area where writers and artists formerly resided, considered a separate country with its own constitution and you are even asked for a passport to leave or enter it.
Worth the climb to the tower, but thereis a cable car if your energy is flagging for a small fee. The ascent through of the park and during Sventaragio allows you to enjoy the views. The slope is somewhat uncomfortable due to the cobbled street. Once up there, you can see the entire city of Vilnius and even visit the Tower of Gediminas.
Klaipeda is a pleasant provincial town of Lithuania, it is very easy to walk through its streets, It's a port city that leads to the Natural cuz Neringa, It's strongly recommended that you make a stop there to go to the park and the local ferry Nida. The city is well worth a visit for its streets and historical center, streets, squares. The architecture is quite groundbreaking in some buildings. The charming Klaipeda acts as a base to explore the spectacular park Neringa.
This is a small pedestrianised street where there is an outdoor exhibition dedicated to writers, good artists in general commemorating the most important literature in the country. I loved it! It is a small corner of Vilnius you can't miss.
Kaunas is nothing like Vilnius. The capital serves as a country resort, but the second city, Kaunas, is a nice stop if you're visiting this beautiful country. It's not as gorgeous as Vilnius, but there are still things to do and see there. It has an air of city provinces that are full of charm, where it's easier to see the real life of the country-influenced orthodox architecture, thanks to the University, both around town and go in their old churches and cathedrals. You can still see some air of its Soviet Communist past and I was lucky enough to make friends with a local.
Gediminas lived from 1275 to 1341 and ruled the Grand Duchy of Lithuania for 25 years. He was the founder of the capital, Volna, which he had moved, and Trakai. He was known to maintain good diplomatic relations with Europe and managed to expand beyond the Eastern and Southern borders. The monument to the Grand Duke was created by the Lithuanian American artist Vytautas Kasuba.
St. Nicholas Church in Lithuanian, sv. Baznycia Mikalojaus, is the oldest church in Lithuania, built in the old town of Vilnius in the 14th century. It's mentioned in writings for the first time in 1387. Archaeologists believe that it's the same Catholic Church that has survived until today. The exterior is brick Gothic style, while the interior has been renovated several times. The Baroque steeple was built in the 17th century.
If you are traveling to Lithuania, do not miss the great opportunity to visit the natural park of Neringa - it is sensational. The dunes, beaches, and desert in the Baltic area are breathtaking. It is a UNESCO site. The best city to stay in is Nida. To get there you must cross by ferry from Klaipeda, then catch a local bus that takes you to Nida. The dunes are in the right part of town... you have beaches, dunes - it is a sensational place to get lost in!
At the top of the Parnidis dune and occupying 7 kilometers, are two things: A stunning view of the entire Curonian Spit, including the Russian side, and the remains of the ancient granite sundial that is 12 feet high that crowned this point. It was completely destroyed in 1999 when a hurricane swept through. The peace and tranquility of the area is fantastic.
To the west of the town you will find the remains of the ancient castle of the city, formerly protected by a moat. The museum is housed in the only surviving tower and tells the story of the castle between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries. The building is hard to find because its location is very hidden. Throughout the exhibition you can find numerous objects from various centuries for example small findings that were left by the inhabitants of the castle from its rising around 1252. The castle has undergone fires, looting, shelling and many modernizations and reconstructions which has unfortunately left it in a rather sorry state.
Like most major cities of Eastern Europe before WWII, Vilnius also had a guetto. It was a city where a fairly large number of Jews lived. When the Nazis expanded throughout Europe, the Jews were held in this neighbourhood, remembered today by plaques on the streets that ran along the same route as the neighbourhood's old streets, so that visitors can get an idea of the size it was.
The Theotokos Cathedral or the Cathedral of the Virgin, one of the oldest churches in Vilnius, was built before the Christianization of Lithuania in the fourteenth century, when the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a pagan European. Becoming an important spiritual center for the country's growing Christian population after the conversion of Lithuania to Roman Catholicism, the Cathedral was protected by Princes Konstanty Ostrogski and Wasyl Ostrogski ve restored it again after the collapse of the dome in 1506. After their death in 1609 the cathedral was taken over by the Greek Orthodox Church , ve rebuilt it in the typical regional style. In 1748, after an important fire, the cathedral was abandoned and the building used for other purposes. The cathedral was destroyed by the Russian army during World War II, restoration began in 1948, although the work was not completed until 1957. Today the cathedral belongs to the Russian Orthodox Church and was newly renovated in 1998. The religious services are attendedmainly by Russian and Belarusian residents of Vilnius.
The former palaces of the KGB on Gedemino Prospekt are today home to, among other things, a fascinating and interesting museum of the first genocide of the Lithuanian people by the Nazis, then by the Soviet Union. There are photo exhibits with captions in English, recalling the suffering of the Lithuanian people and the resistance. The exhibition is on the ground floor of the prison of the KGB, where you can see the interrogation room. The reconstruction of the control units of wiretaps are disturbing evidence of a sad and all-too-recent past.