You leave beautiful [poi = 106522] Tilcara [/ poi] by a dirt road and cross a large iron bridge where you discover a huge landscape covered in yellow poplar. You walk a little more, and climb a small hill. At the top you'll discover the Pucara, or fortress, that was built by the 'tilcaras' (native to the region) more than 900 years ago. It's a magical place with fabulous views over the valley of the Rio Grande and Quebrada de Humahuaca. Half rebuilt, the Pucara is amazing and especially suggestive. If you're fortunate to visit with only a few people, you'll be flooded with a strange energy. The Pucara, which is so lonely among the hills dotted with huge cacti, seems inhabited now only by the Puna sun and the wind.
Tilcara is a lovely place, a small town but with a great cultural and historical background, as shown in its four museums, and the cultural center with an internet café, very lively, with a restaurant and a place where I could enjoy performances calchaquies groups and other Argentinian folklore. It has a beautiful botanical gardens with a type of area adapted for height height, I wandered for a while and learned a lot about botany through reading the informative panels.
The Pucara, the Devil's Throat, Purmamarca and the Cerro de los Siete Colores are many options for treks and excursions around the village of Tilcara. One not so well known, but equally beautiful is the trek to the caves of Wayra. The caves are located at an altitude of 2900 meters, ie only 440 meters above Tilcara. The distance is not very long, but the terrain is hard and rocky which, combined with fatigue from walking in these altitudes, will make you quite tired. Although it may seem unnecessary, I recommend doing the tour with a guide (in most guesthouses in the village you will find volunteers for this) as there are many interesting things to learn about the Quebrada de Humahuaca. Getting to the caves has its rewards, above all, the magnificent views: firey red hills in sharp contrast with the intense blue sky.
Qumahuaca is a village located in the Quebrada de Humahuaca, over 2600 meters above sea level and with only 350 people living there. Here, you can find an imaginary line marking the Tropic of Capricorn. On December 21 at noon, a perfect shadow is cast, perpendicular to the monolith. Every June 20, the area of the Tropic of Capricorn is transformed into a meeting place of different Aboriginal communities inhabiting the Quebrada, celebrating the Inti Raymi, an ancient ritual of Inca origin also known as Festival of the Sun. It is said to be the longest night of the year and the start of the Solar New Year. You can see fires, dances and enjoy typical meals of the local people. Humahuaca is located 100 kilometers from the city of San Salvador and 16 kilometers fromJuuy Tilcara. The Information Centre is open Monday to Friday from 7:00 to 22:00 and Saturdays, Sundays and holidays from 9:00 to 21:00. Toll Free: 0800 555 9955.
The Thursday before Carnival in Tilcara is the Day of the Comadres. It's a party honouring the women. In the Plaza de Tilcara all sorts of regional events are held, and this is no exception. The women gather to sing and celebrate, and wine, beer, and tamales are not lacking. The comadres host the food and drink, while dancing northern songs. An interesting fact: Men carry small terracotta jugs hanging around their necks, with a variety of flowers, which they offer to the women they consider beautiful. The celebration invites many tourists from all over the world add to the celebration, which includes face painting, spraying the crowd with foam and confetti, and being carried away on the wings of Bacchus.