El Senat is the Senate, the second chamber of the French Parliament, after the National Assembly. Born in 1795, named the council of elders. It is supposed to be a counter assembly. Although the assembly decides the outcome, and the Senate does not have much power, it has an interesting checkered history. Famous names number amongst its senators. It includes for example Victor Hugo, Jules Ferry who invented the free and secular republican school, Clemenceau, who later became the president of France, or Mérimée. Women were able to enter the Senate in 1946. Every three years, they renew the third chamber, so women are still outnumbered.