I'll give you a tour of old Nuremberg and show you a little of this beautiful medieval town !! Its old town is home to many historic buildings, scattered within the wall. Its dimensions are 1.77 kilometers squared, huge for a medieval town. The emperor Heinrich III ordered the construction in 1050, erected on a great imperial rock fortress (Kaiserburg) where a governor defended the commercial interests of the crown.
All German sovereigns lived there, between the years 1050-1571, it was Emperor Charles IV; and celebrated many festivals here and imperial diets like "Golden Bull." We decided in the afternoon to visit the Imperial Castle, a €6 ticket allows entry to the castle and museum. A large tower of heretics, on the east side houses the double chapel; the above for the emperor and the court with beautiful marble columns - the one below for gentlemen. Here are the remains of an altar, with four late Gothic style figures and beautiful remains of the ceiling in the upper chapel. The ladies' chambers (Kemenate) to the west across the courtyard decorated with shields, these were very damaged by bombs in World War II.
After climbing a wooden staircase on the first floor you find the "Hall of Knights" with ornate ceilings and imperial-coloured wooden slats (yellow - black) from the time of the reign of Frederick III. A coated wall and ceiling with giant imperial eagle, plus some furniture, and stove enameled tiles were saved from fire. Its display cases show very bulky jewelry. Drive to the pentagonal tower in front of the imperial stables, with its large roof dormers and it's time to continue, but not before enjoying the wonderful view of their rooftops.
The Christmas market is the most famous Christmas Market in Europe and also the most ancient, dating from the seventeenth century. Located in the medieval Old Town Nuremberg around the Plaza del Ayuntamiento. Over Christmas there are more than 2 million visitors. Thousands of stalls selling Christmas decorations, specialty shops such ornaments, Christmas music, beautifully decorated carriages, fully breathe the christmas spirit. Proliferate booths dedicated to the tasting of mulled wine, the typical northern European gluenhwein. It is a wine of low alcoholic graduation that is drank hot, served to warm the body and spirit and able to withstand low temperatures. It was served in a beautifully decorated jars in the form of an elf boot, Christmas tree, etc. Each stall is competing to offer the best jar, which is included in the price, and you can keep it as a souvenir.
I'd like to point out the different bands dressed in typical Bavarian clothes with traditional Christmas songs, including gospel carols. They can be seen in intervals of two and a half perfectly organized hours, advertised on a large blackboard. Within the medieval town is Spielzengmuseum, one of the most important museums in the toy world, for its great content and antiquity. I'd advise seeing the Cathedral of San Lorenzo Lorenzkirche, located in the middle of the Plaza, built in 1270, and offers an impressive sundial by J.Stabius. The visit allows access to the top of the tower, where a beautiful panoramic view of the market can be seen. Kinderweihnacht, the night market, a must-see, adorned with hundreds of thousands of colored lights, with wonderful music permeating the whole complex.
The Church of Our Lady is one of the best examples of Gothic Baltic, also called brick Gothic. It is also a beautiful building that presides over one of the main squares of Nuremberg. It was built in the mid-fourteenth century, under Emperor Charles IV, and inside, several medieval well-restored works of some importance, like Tucher Altar. Your visit does not require payment. Access to the temple is free. You only have to pay if you want to climb to the balcony overlooking the market (highly recommended at Christmas, the view is beautiful!).
Built in 1273, the St. Sebaldus Church is the oldest church in Nuremberg and is an excellent example of the transition period from German Romanesque to Gothic architecture. It was severely damaged during World War II (as was the case with many of Germany's historic monuments) but has since been faithfully restored.
I was there in July of 2008. I share the experience that I felt the chills knowing that right there is where the Nazis had their conventions. Apart from that, it´s always interesting to be in a historical place, although it forms part of the saddest pages of human history. The colliseum and tribune are good attractions, and it was a good chance to research these pages. The good thing was that a week later I was in the ROman Colliseum!
Very close to the White Tower at the beginning of Ludwigsplatz, like a gate tower was where the oldest part of the fortification was. Three shields decorate the facade; two coats of Nuremberg and the other the imperial eagle holding two lions. In front, the fountain full of figures, designed by Jurgen Weber in 1984, the "Carousel of marriage" represents both men and animals, showing both positive and negative sides of every marriage. At night its photogenic as its colorfully illuminated, but with so many people, it's hard to photograph it well.
The Fembohaus is a beautiful and palatial house in the Nuremberg Old Town which currently serves as the city museum. You'll come across it if you walk from the Hauptmarkt up to the Castle. The museum has good, free audiovisual media to guide you through the history of the city, the old house itself, and the lives of its former inhabitants. Strongly recommended for its beauty and its history.
Getting to this small square with the castle on one side, the half-timbered houses lit at night and the big Christmas tree, is a fairytale landscape. These households suffered less damage during World War II. The image of St. George adorns a corner at Pilatos house, the former residence of a manufacturer of helmets and armor. Across the plaza, home of Durero im the fifteenth century.
It's funny and almost shocking to find a building like this in such a monumental and historic city, and that might be why it goes unnoticed by most visitors. The Neues Museum's architecture is interesting by itself, but it's also nice to find modern and contemporary art in such a historic setting. If the building wasn't so slim, I'm sure more visitors and works could fit, but I'd still totally recommend a visit.
Nuremberg is considered one of the great Toy capitals, and faithful to it's popularity offers the possibility of visiting the 'Spielzeugmuseum', or toy museum. This is one of the most impressive museums in Europe with a very extensive collection, and quality in each of the exhibits. It opened in 1974, and offers collections of all ages and ethnicities, especially the last 200 years. Its possible to find model railways, cardboard horses, and all kinds of toys.
You have to go off the beaten track a bit to find the Katharinenkirche, a set of well-preserved ruins which show the overwhelming destruction that war is capable of. This is all that remains of this former Dominican Monastery, later used by the Meistersinger as a singing school. It was completely destroyed by fire in 1945, but today is a popular venue for outdoor events.
The place where the Sankt Klara Church currently sits was, in 1241, a convent of the Order of the Sacred Heart and later, in 1279, occupied by the Order of Saint Clare. The convent was demolished in 1899 and the church was seriously damaged during the bombings of 1945 and later rebuilt from 1948 to 1953. In the interior, you can see the altar of the Crucifixion (1517) with scenes of the Passion of Christ.
A different way to discover the medieval city of Nuremberg is in a carriage. In one of the cobbled streets that shape it's main square, after the Church of Our Lady (if you are looking just to the left), it will be easy to find a carriage. Enjoy the main tourist attractions in your warm cabin without fear of it turning into a pumpkin, not because of the carriage not being hexed, but of course because they don't work until twelve o'clock. However the magical thing is the price. An adult return is €3.50, €2 for children, a reasonable price, especially if we consider that we are in Bavaria, probably one of the most expensive regions of Germany. But something particularly beautiful, are the huge horses that pull the carriages. Some brave people were petting them on the street, I would not be so bold. Do not mess with animals, especially if they weigh four times more than you.
The Gothic St Jacob's Church is located in the southwest part of the Nuremberg Old Town in the St. James neighborhood. It was first established by the Order of the Teutonic Knights and contained the oldest hospital in the city. The church's peak period dates from the mid to late 14th century, and some of the original works including the shamrock decoration and woodwork can still be seen today. In the main nave, there are remarkable works of art like the Late Gothic alter depicting the twelve apostles.
One of the most important historical attractions in Nuremberg is the Imperial Castle, which is one of the emblems of the city. It is situated near the old town is one of the most important imperial palaces of the Middle Ages. It was home to all the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire from the years 1050-1571 and is now open to the public, so it should be first on your list of what to do in Nuremberg. You can visit the main building with its Romanesque double chapel, the rooms of the emperors, the well, and one of the towers. You can climb to the castle from the Church of St. Sebaldus, one of the most beautiful religious places to visit in Nuremberg. It was built in 1273 and is the oldest of the city. It is the best example of the transition from Romanesque to Gothic styles of German art. It is close to the market. Highlights include the windows and its works of art, including the crucifixion of sculptor Veit Stoss or the tomb of St. Sebaldus by Peter Vischer.
There is lots more stuff to do in Nuremberg. For example, there's the Church of San Lorenzo, an example of a typical German Gothic church with three naves at the same height. It contains the famous Angelus of Veit Stoss, made of wood and suspended from the ceiling, along with the tabernacle of Adam Kraft and a sundial by Johannes Stabius.
Looking for non-religious Nuremberg activities? Zeltner's Palace is one of the essential things to see in Nuremberg. It is a palace built in the fourteenth century. Marvel at its facade and the beautiful gardens and ponds. The list of things to do in Nuremberg is endless, but it's important not to miss Nuremberg attractions like the Spielzeugmuseum -- the toy museum -- the beautiful fountain in the central square, Pellerhaus, or the many museums of great interest in the city.
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