This is the largest and most important university to be found in Romania. It has its origins in the founding of a Jesuit college in the 16th Century. After various vicissitudes and historical events that have taken place since then, the current Babeş-Bolyai University is the result of a merger between the Romanian Babeş University and Hungarian Bolyai University in 1959. It offers more than a hundred degrees in different languages: Romanian, Hungarian, German and English. It has 21 different faculties, which are spread throughout the city (economic, sociology, theology, biology, geography, economics, physics, chemistry, psychology, political science, etc.). It also has several colleges and student residences. The University offers a the European exchange program, more frequently referred to as ([b] Erasmus [/ b]).
This is an amazing gothic church, situated just a few steps from the Bastion Tailors. It was built between 1,486 and 1,516 for the Franciscan order but has since undergone many renovations and reconstructions, the current look is the result of work carried out in 1642. It is made of concrete, and the walls are reinforced by buttresses. The interior is huge (34 m long, 15 m wide and 19 m high), and it is one of the largest temples existing in southeastern Europe. It has a Renaissance pulpit and an impressive eighteenth-century rococo organ that is still used for concerts every week. In this church you can see the remains of Prince Apafi I. In the seventeenth century the cloister was built, which served as a college. In front of the church there is a replica of a bronze statue depicting St George slaying the dragon.
Transylvania's capital and third population centre. So Cluj - Napoca. 440 km from Bucharest. Cluj is a very bicultural as they are very two ethnic groups Romanian and Hungarian. As you can see in video / photo I was in winter and I really recommend it though temperatures are below 0 the landscape is over 10. San Mihail Cathedral stands the endless sky wanting to touch the clouds. These tall buildings shake me. Visiting Cluj is very easy, as everything is very close together. The Orthodox Cathedral, St. mihail, the Hungarian cementery You can visit everything on foot. I toured the country by hitchhiking, as is customary in Romania. Well I went from Arad and it was impossible to find a car to go straight to Cluj so I first went to Oradea and Cluj then from there. it was easy. Do not wait more than 5 mins before. A GENUINE PLEASURE!
In the fortified hill overlooking the city, next to the remains of the ancient fortification "Cetatuia" of the eighteenth century, there is a monument dedicated to national heroes. It is a perpetual flame that honors those fallen in battles with the Turkish army of Michael the Brave. May 28 marks the day of national heroes and a wreath is lain at the monument. There´s a gazebo next to that from which you can get spectacular views of the city and the surrounding landscape 200 meters below.
The Orthodox Cathedral is in the central [poi = 120681] Boulevard Eroilor [/ poi], opposite the [poi = 120701] National Theatre [/ poi]. The seat of the Diocese of Cluj and one of the most important religious buildings in the city. Built in 1921-1933 in Byzantine style, the exterior highlights are the 4 towers surrounding the central tower covered with domes and arches surrounded by medallions and carved in stone. Four large bells, each weighing a ton. Under it there is a crypt in which bishops and archbishops are buried. The interior is decorated with fresco murals and mosaics. Also contains a large collection of art objects, manuscripts, old books, prints and historical documents.
Eroilor Boulevard is the main street in Cluj Napoca. It runs between [poi = 120696] Unirii Square [/ poi] and Avram Lancu Square. It is a wide boulevard with a pedestrian zone in the center and two separate lining each side. Along the roadside you can see buildings displaying the typical architecture of the city, with houses of two or three floors, and shops occupying the ground floor level. This boulevard is where you can find the [poi = 120698] Orthodox Cathedral [/ poi] the [poi = 120701] National Theater [/ poi] and the Tourist Information Office.
This square is the epicenter of the historic center of the city. This large square has a garden in the middle and is surrounded on by beautiful buildings and mansions built in the 18th and 19th centuries. Here you can see many different styles (Baroque, Gothic, Renaissance and Neoclassical) such as The Hotel Continental (which was previously the German army's military headquarters). It is a lively town square and good for tourists, which coalesce a lot of shops and restaurants. The road that leaves the square: The Boulevard Eroilor leads to the Orthodox Cathedral. The most important building in the square is the Church of San Miguel preceded by the statue of Matei Corvin. There are other important buildings, which currently house two separate museums: Bánffy Palace (Romanian National Art Museum) and a sixteenth century pharmacy (Hintz House, which houses the Museum of Pharmacy).
Cluj Napoca, a fortified medieval town, is surrounded by 18 towers and bastions funded by each of the guilds of the city. The Tailors Bastion is the only tower that remains intact, and was funded by the Guild of Tailors. It was built in the 15th century but rebuilt in the seventeenth, with stone walls topped by battlements. It has been restored and houses the [b] House of Culture [/ b], which is a literary café in the basement, a conference room and several rooms for exhibitions. In front of the bastion is a [b] sculpture dedicated to Baba Novac [/ b], a national hero who was burnt alive and impaled after being accused of treason.
Just a few steps away from [poi = 120701] the National Theatre [/ poi], you come across this eclectic style building, which was built between 1,898 and 1,902. It is a palace which represents the typical architecture of the early 20th Century, and it was designed by the architect Gyula Wagner. The building has three floors in a rectangular shape, in which its great dome is highlighted, topped with a wrought iron canopy and the main entrance is formed by a portico of four Doric columns. It has multiple windows and the facade is decorated with various stone carvings and friezes with a perimeter ledge and garlands. It was used as the City Hall, home to the University and Library. Currently it is the Palace of Justice in Cluj county, Bistrita-Nasaud, Maramures and Salaj, although it still maintains the library.
This statue is situated in the centrally located [poi = 120696] Unirii Square [/ poi], opposite the [poi = 121501] St. Michael´s church [/ poi]. It is a bronze equestrian statue, which was made in 1902 by the sculptor Janos Fadrusz, representing Matthias Corvinus (king of Hungary in the fifteenth century, much loved by his subjects) surrounded by his henchmen.
This church is one of the most important buildings of the city and is considered one of the most beautiful Gothic churches in Transylvania. It isin the central Unirii Square, next to the Mattias Corvinus Statue, and was built between 1350 and 1487 in where the Chapel of St. Jacob once stood. Outwardly the high tower of 80 meters high (the highest in Transylvania), topped with a cross, is most noticeable. It is the newest part of the church, as it had to be rebuilt in 1860 after a fire, it is neo-Gothic and initially had planned two towers, but only built one. Throughout its history, the church was used as a temple of different religious beliefs, but is now it's Catholic. The church has three naves separated by columns and covered with a starry vault. The inside is impressive with its height as well as the light, which enters through the numerous stained glass windows. Remains of XV century murals have been found on the walls. The opening hours are: Monday to Sunday from 10.00 to 19.00 h.
The city of Cluj Napoca is divided in two by the River Somes Small. It is a river which stems from the Apuseni Mountains, formed by the confluence of two rivers (the Caldwell and the Someşul Someşul Rece), which flows northwest across a distance of 178 km. It passes through, among other places, the city of Cluj Napoca. This river has several bridges that allow people to cross the river and go from one side of the city to the other, but the most important buildings are concentrated on the right bank of the river.
In my brief visit to Romania, I had the opportunity to attend a typical folk show. The folk music and dance traditions are still very important to Romanians. Such shows can be seen in many hotels and restaurants around the country, although the one I saw took place at the headquarters of Babes-Bolyai University, and was organized by the university for Erasmus visitors. We listened to traditional music, and saw different dances and different traditional costumes and clothing from various points in the region of Transylvania. Then we were treated to a snack.
The National Theatre is almost beside the Orthodox Cathedral. It is a neo-baroque building built by Fellner şi Helmer in 1906, and it opened in 1919. It has become the main cultural scene of the city, which brings together opera, concerts, drama. It can hold thousands of spectators.