Monument to the Ghetto uprising
The Nazis regarded the establishment of ghettos as a provisional measure to control/segregate Jews. Warsaw ghetto was the largest ghetto in Poland, where about 450,000 Jews were crammed into 1.3 square miles. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the Jewish uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto, when German troops began the second mass deportation to the concentration and death camps during World War II. It occurred between April 19 and May 6, 1943 and was led by Mordechai Anielewicz, a member of the Jewish youth movement Hashomer Hatzair, and was finally crushed by SS troops under the command of Jürgen Stroop.