I'd heard much about this particular source, as the union of two streams that flow down hill to the pretty village of Villanueva del Trabuco forms the headwaters of the Guadalhorce River. The source of the Hundred Pipes is an impressive fountain, which collects the spring water and is surrounded by an amazingly varied and motley landscape; on one hand there are rainfed crops such as olives and on the other small Mediterranean forests of pine, oak, and other native plants and shrubs. If you enjoy the fountain show, I recommend the Path of Cañossendero. Route 1 leads to it on foot, but on weekends the place is full of cars and neighbors taking advantage of the holidays to enjoy the coolness that emanates from the source and the landscape. To get to the source from the road, head north past the Villanueva del Trabuco village on a local road, detour through a dirt track that leads to the site. I recommend bringing water, as there are signs informing you that the source water is not drinkable.
This is another of the pueblos to visit when you are in the region of Antequera. Villanueva del Trabuco is not the oldest settlement in the province, though its human presence dates back to prehistoric times. The history of the village's name is rather curious. At the time it was named, the presence of bandits in the area was constant, and at the village sale, the owner was constantly assaulted every time he went to buy food. He decided to buy a blunderbuss, so, when he went to Archidona, it was said "here comes the guy with the blunderbuss," and so the town was named. Curiously, the town at the beginning of the 20th century was shaped like a blunderbuss. Today, the population is growing again, and is regaining its importance in the region. The most important festivals are: The fair girl on 8, 9 and 10 of June. The big fair is held held on 24, 25 and 26th of August. The festivities are in honor of the town's patron saint The Virgin of Sorrows. Held on September 15th, is the most important day for the amount of visitors received.
This hiking trail is not difficult so you can do it with children or pets. The route begins at the mill (now converted into a rural hotel), after which you have to turn right to cross the river over a small bridge, leading down a path and past a few small farmhouses. You then reach the mountain which is at the foot of the Sierra de San Jorge. When you see the source, you will see that it was worth the walk. You can continue down the Royales path south, where, after passing through a grove of pine trees, you can enjoy fantastic views of Villanueva and Antequera. As well as walking, you can do this route on bike or horseback.
This church is one of the more interesting things to see in Villanueva del Trabuco. Its been constructed over the site of the Chapel of St. Mary of Egypt, which was built in 1645. The temple was commissioned by the Duke of Osuna in the late eighteenth century and restored in the middle of the twentieth. The bell tower stands within the structure, and is located near the main front door. The architecture is balanced, with simple lines, whitewashed walls and typical white sandstone.
This chapel has a curious history, since it was constructed by a village named José Antonio Arjona who wanted to raise it in honor of his grandfather "Antoñico." Inside the chapel is a San Antonio, which used to be located in a bakery alcove nearby. San Antonio is much revered by the young and is said to intercede for "boyfriends." His feast day is June 13th.
The Caz, or "chaos" as they are popularly called in the county, are channels that were used to carry water from the river to the mills to generate energy for grinding wheat. The caz have been there since the nineteenth century, and about eight are left in the whole region, which are found in the Prevenio farmhouse, the Suitcases, the Garden of Old, Factory or at The Mill. The caz made bricks can be seen in the central area of town, which parallels the Church.
We stumbled upon this little square in the midst of our search for the village church of Villanueva del Trabuco, and its special feature is the contrast of this modern monolithic construction with the typical Andalusian houses surrounding it. On one side of the monolith, you can see the shield of the city, consisting of a blunderbuss in the middle of a green field, a gold villa, a sash, three orders and the royal crown ring. In another lateral avenue lies a fence and a streetlight, probably in honor of typically Andalusian decor.
The people of Villanueva del Trabuco are very proud of their love for green spaces, and even have a route that takes you to several of the gardens and village squares. The main square is the Plaza del Prado, a place of considerable dimensions, where there are several dining options with large sun terraces to sit and relax while enjoying a cold beer or savoring local dishes. The square has always been the focal point of the village, although it has undergone many transformations over the years. However, there are still some original features, suhc as the first source of water supply of the city, which was attributed to healing powers and medicinal purposes.