The City of the Dead is a massive above-ground necropolis that has a squatter population numbering in the hundreds of thousands. Many of the houses there are actually mausoleums that have been emptied of their previous occupants. I first encountered The City of the Dead on my trip to the Sunday Market. You can ask your hotel reception to write out the name of the Sunday Market in Arabic for the taxi driver. The receptionist will probably, as happened with me, try to convince you not to go. Don't listen. The Sunday Market is a pretty intense, but worthwhile, experience. It's massive. People are selling everything from trinkets, to fake designer goods, to snakes, to camels. Get ready to haggle! Keep in mind that you'll probably be one of the only foreigners there, so best not go if that idea makes you uncomfortable. Taking my camera out and shooting a lot of photos there did, in fact, make me uncomfortable, so I simply didn't do it. Get ready to haggle! The City of the Dead is the slum that borders the Sunday Market and is worth a bit of your time. You feel like you've been transported back in time. It's an extremely impovrished area and has a dangerous reputation, but I didn't notice a lot more than the occasional strange look. Don't miss it!
Tombs of the great dignitaries are in this valley. The themes illustrated on the tombs depict scenes from the life of the deceased. The chambers are normally dug four meters from the surface and are preceded by open concourses and steep stairs which descend into the rock.
The Giza Necropolis Cemetery is the large western, eastern cemetery and there is also a third small cemetery that is next to the pyramid of Cheops. To the east of the pyramid you can see the sons and daughters, with mastabas, monumental stone tombs indicating their rank in Egyptian society. In the eastern cemetery we got to see where very important members were buried from the court were buried of Pharaoh, judges, ministers, and the architects who built the pyramids. The best preserved include the tombs of Qar, Idu, Khufukhaf, and Meresankh III.
These catacombs date back to the 1st and 2nd centuries and were discovered in the year 1892. You begin to go down a spiral staircase and there is a musty smell , there are niches dug everywhere, tunnels. It is divided into 3 levels. The 1st level is the Carcalla room where Christians took refuge during the chase. The 2nd is the prettiest of all pillars and it is mixed with Pharaonic art icons with Greco-Roman art. It is a shame that they didn´t allow us to take photos because it is gorgeous. It's very different to anything you see in Egypt, a mixture of the two cultures. In the Roman times emperors and Greek gods mingled with the Romans to approach the Egyptians. The 3rd level we couldn´t visit because they were flooded. The state of the catacombs was damaged if I remember correctly because of flooding and soil quality.
This is the valley of craftsmen and artisans. There are small, but fully furnished tombs here which belonged to artisans, workers and artists ve built the tombs of Thebes. It is known as Deir el-Medina. Outside the town you can find the ruins perfectly structured streets and houses.
The Valley of the Queens, also known com Biban el-Harim, is near the valley of the artisans, Deir el-Medina. Here, there are 80 graves which are mostly in good condition. The most important tombs are the tombs of the wife and three sons of Ramses III, who died young.